AIRPORT WILDLIFE CONTROL SEMINAR (AWC)
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IAAE Canada is proud to offer this course anywhere in Canada.
Bird and wildlife management is one of the most important safety issues facing airports today. Under Canadian Aviation Regulations an airport operator is required to establish a bird and wildlife management program. It is therefore important that staff responsible for this program know the latest in bird and wildlife management techniques. The objective of the course is to provide participants with the proper tools to identify and control bird and wildlife species. In addition, the course will provide a "how to" in terms of developing a bird and wildlife management program specific to your airport.
Training is a very important component of an effective wildlife control program. The training of wildlife controllers is critical because it sets the standard for the wildlife control program. Wildlife controllers must use bird behavior to “teach” birds to avoid the airport, rather than rely on techniques to simply scare birds off the airport. While this is a more difficult set of skills to teach and cannot be easily
remedied with a short-term training program, it is the only system that will result in an effective wildlife control program. Training focuses on both the theory and philosophy of wildlife control at airports and on the practical aspects of airport wildlife management.
Initial training will cover the traditional topics of wildlife control including:
• nature and extent of the wildlife management problem;
• regulations, standards and guidance material related to airport wildlife management programs;
• bird ecology and biology;
• bird identification, including the use of field guides;
• wildlife control procedures;
• rare and endangered species and species of special concern,
• habitat management;
• off-airport land use issues;
• wildlife removal techniques;
• firearm safety;
• wildlife management planning; and
• development of awareness programs;
Non-traditional topics will be covered including:
• the theory of wildlife control;
• bird behavior and wildlife control;
• innovation in wildlife control;
• communication for effective control;
• reporting and interpreting reported data;
• wildlife control resources
The training provided to wildlife personnel includes an approach to wildlife control that will instill a sense of working with wildlife to effect control rather than the typical “us against them” mentality that permeates the wildlife control industry today. The training attempts to instill the basic wildlife control knowledge required, and then challenges the controllers to use that knowledge in new and
creative ways to keep the control program fresh and effective as well as responsive to new or unusual circumstances. In addition to the specialized training in wildlife control, controllers receive very basic firearms training in order to ensure the safe operation of firearms, and training in the collection of data. Wildlife controllers also receive feedback on their control ideas and efforts.
(i) Nature and extent of the wildlife management problem;
Not all wildlife pose the same level of risk and wildlife risks extend to wildlife well beyond the airport borders. It is important for wildlife controllers to know the degree of risk posed by the various species of wildlife present in and near their airport.
(ii) Regulations, standards and guidance material related to airport wildlife management programs;
Lectures will demonstrate how best practices sustain regulatory compliance while maintaining a safe operational airport environment.
(iii) Bird ecology and biology;
The controllers will learn how bird ecology and biology affects bird use of the airport and how to use that information to more effectively control birds.
(iv) Bird identification, including the use of field guides;
It is critical for wildlife controllers to know what birds they are controlling. Not only do control methods vary by species, risks and
responses of birds also vary by species. Therefore, knowing the identity of birds is the starting point for appropriate and effective
control. Bird identification is taught through slide lectures.
(v) Wildlife control procedures;
There are numerous methods of control that could be used. Each method has a place and each method has an appropriate way of being used. This is further complicated by the need to combine methods to enhance effectiveness and present birds with new and effective deterrent approaches. Too often controllers fall back on a Wildlife Management Training Outline Airport Wildlife Management International 3 single method of control that is easy to apply. However, in order to prevent habituation by birds to any one control methodology, it is important to vary the methods and combinations of methods used.
(vi) Rare and endangered species and species of special concern,
It is important that wildlife controllers know and can recognize rare and endangered species and species of special concern. Not only do special regulations apply to these species, the types of control (especially lethal control) must be appropriate. The airport is responsible for abiding by permit restriction with respect to rare and endangered species and this can only be accomplished by educating and informing wildlife controllers of the species it applies to and what the appropriate actions are for those species.
(vii) Habitat management;
While the wildlife controllers are not responsible for habitat management, it is important that they understand how habitat
contributes to wildlife problems and what solutions are available. Because in many ways wildlife controllers are the eyes and ears of the wildlife control program, their observations are important steps in the eventual resolution of wildlife control issues.
(viii) Off-airport land use issues;
Wildlife issues often originate at locations away from the airport. Wildlife controllers need to be aware of all land uses that contribute to wildlife hazards so they can monitor land uses in the vicinity of the airport. All controllers need to be aware of land uses that may attract or modify the movements of wildlife resulting in greater problems at the airport.
(ix) Wildlife removal techniques;
Occasionally it is necessary to remove wildlife from the airport. This is done either by killing a small number of animals or, more infrequently, by trapping and relocating animals. It is important for wildlife controllers to know not only how to remove animals effectively, but also to know which animals to remove and when to remove them. Wildlife removal needs to be an integrated part of the control program rather than a random act or an outlet for frustration when all other methods seem to fail.
(x) Firearm safety;
Firearm use is an integral part of wildlife control programs. The safe use of firearms is critical to the proper functioning of the airport and safety of all airport personnel. All personnel are required to have a permit to carry and use a firearm. This introduction to firearms safety is not intended to replace a firearms safety course.
(xi) Wildlife management planning;
Wildlife control programs often fail because they remain reactive rather than proactive. The wildlife control plan is an integrated
approach to wildlife management and control. The training required for wildlife management planning is for staff charged with
management of the program. Training is required with personnel changes and for all personnel when significant management actions are planned. This is typically done through discussion at regularly scheduled wildlife planning meetings.
(xii) Development of awareness programs
Awareness programs are required for airport staff, airlines, pilots, airport users and land users in the vicinity of the airport. Programs are typically initiated in response to issues that cannot be effectively dealt with directly by the wildlife control program. Examples range from educating staff not to feed birds on airport property to interacting with the local government on off-airport attractants. Programs range from signage, meetings, poster displays to one-on-one discussions with land owners.
Non-Traditional Training Components
(i) The theory of wildlife control
Most wildlife controllers either have little experience with wildlife or are hunters. To them, wildlife control is scaring birds away from the runways. However, effective control is based on biology and has a set of principles that assist wildlife controllers in knowing how and when to exercise control.
(ii) Bird behavior and wildlife control;
Each species of bird elicits a different behaviour that has evolved to enhance the survival of that species. Knowing the various behaviours of the different species enhances the controllers ability to effectively control birds. Bird behaviour for wildlife control will be taught through class room lectures. Each lecture is not a complete discourse on bird behaviour since that would require many hours to present and would not be readily absorbed by the trainees. Rather, aspects of bird behaviour is presented focusing on different aspects of behaviour and/or different species.
(iii) Innovation in wildlife control;
Wildlife control is only effective if it remains “fresh” in the eyes of the species being controlled. As soon as the controllers actions are predictable, wildlife readily habituate to the control actions and they loose their effectiveness. Therefore, it is essential for the wildlife controllers to be innovative in finding new ways to implement control methodology within the parameters required by the method itself. Innovation cannot be taught per se, but innovative approaches are discussed during the training program. Examples of innovation will be presented during class room training sessions.
(iv) Communication for effective control;
The importance of communication in wildlife control is often overlooked. Not only do the controllers need to work together to
provide effective control (and this requires communication), they also need to work with the tower and other airfield personnel to achieve satisfactory results. Communication goes well beyond the controllers and is an important component of the jobs of the managers of the wildlife control program. The pathways of communication are an important component of the training program for wildlife controllers.
(v) Reporting and interpreting reported data;
Reporting is an important part of a wildlife control program. Not only is it essential that accurate data be collected by wildlife controllers, it is also important that the reports generated based on the available data are accurately interpreted by control staff and their managers. Class room examples of reports and interpretation of summarized data will be presented.
(vi) Wildlife control resources
It is important that wildlife controllers and their managers know where to turn for help and additional information. A printed list of resources is presented at the class room training session.
Day 1: Classroom:
2. International Perspective
3. Regulatory Framework
4. Wildlife Management Theory
5. Habitat Management Procedures
6. Active Control Procedures
7. Bird Ecology & Identification
8. Bird Behaviour & Control
9. Mammal Identification & Control
Day 2: Classroom & Field:
1. Reporting & Statistics
2. Strike Reporting
3. Firearms Safety
5. Off-airport Hazards
6. Wildlife Hazard Management Program
8. Field Application
Refund & Cancellation Policy
IAAE Canada reserves the right to reschedule any program if the number of registrants is insufficient. In this event, we will notify all registrants and refund the registration fee in full.
• Any costs incurred by registrants, such as hotel cancellation fees or airline penalties, are the responsibility of
• Registrations are transferable.
• Cancellations will be accepted 30 days prior to the date of the course.
• Cancellations within 30 days prior to the date of the course will incur a $50 administration fee.
• No-shows will be responsible for the course fees.